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Polygon tests zero-knowledge rollups, mainnet integration inbound

Published on

January 14, 2023
Read Time:2 Minute, 45 Second

Ethereum Polygon (MATIC) Layer 2 scaling protocol performs zero-knowledge rollup (zk rollups) know-how efficiency testing earlier than full integration into its mainnet.

The event of the know-how, known as Polygon zkEVM (Ethereum Digital Machine), has been carried out by the Polygon Hermez group for over three years. The group has already confirmed that zero-knowledge proofs are doable on Ethereum by producing over 12,000 zk proofs in a main model of the zkEVM testnet.

David Schwartz, Polygon zkEVM and PolygonID challenge lead, unpacked the event of the performance in correspondence with Cointelegraph. Layer 2 platforms have advanced and improved performance, which has performed a key position in driving Ethereum's scalability.

As he defined, zero-knowledge rollups have elevated the velocity at which Layer 2 platforms can obtain finality whereas making certain safe validation of transactions utilizing zero-knowledge know-how. In blockchain phrases, finality is the purpose at which a block of transactions is taken into account everlasting and irrevocably added to the blockchain:

"Lastly we've got zkEVMs like Polygon zkEVM that supply all the above along with the equivalence to Ethereum Digital Machine with its superior strategies of zk-STARKs and zk-SNARKs."

Based on Schwartz, Polygon zkEVM consists of the primary absolutely out there supply code, the EVM equal zkProver, which passes all Ethereum vector exams with over 99%. He described validating conventional person transactions as "essentially the most difficult and rewarding effort" since his group started creating its native zkEVM.

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Two years in the past, the Polygon group estimated that zk rollups with EVM compatibility would take as much as ten years to develop. Given the progress made, the group describes zkEVM as the tip recreation that mixes progress with layer 2 scalability and quick finality. This affords customers quite a lot of advantages when including increased throughput and decrease charges.

Cointelegraph additionally requested in regards to the distinction between Polygon zkEVM and the proprietary ZK-SNARK and ZK-STARK know-how of one other Ethereum Layer 2 scaling community, StarkNet. As beforehand reported, ZK-STARKS (Zero-Information Scalable Clear Argument of Information) primarily will increase scalability by aggregating hundreds of transactions with a single proof to verify on-chain validity.

Associated: What the Ethereum Merge Means for Blockchain's Layer 2 Options

Schwartz mentioned the principle distinction between the tasks is that zkEVM focuses on native scaling of the Ethereum ecosystem, fairly than different zk rollups that solely scale transactions and enhance efficiency in a special VM format.

Polygon's strategy is meant to satisfy the classification of a Sort 2 zkEVM described by Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin in August 2022. Based on Buterin's abstract, Sort 2 zkEVMs intention to be absolutely appropriate with current purposes, however make minor adjustments to Ethereum to simplify growth and velocity up proof manufacturing. Schwartz added:

"In distinction, StarkNet is positioned as Sort 4, introducing a brand new high-level language and requiring transpilers to translate solidity code into their language."

On the identical time, Schwartz welcomed the chance to have extra benchmarks and supply code from different tasks to be taught from completely different approaches. Exercise on Ethereum Layer 2 options continues to surge, with blockchain information displaying transaction quantity arbitrage and optimism have overshadowed transactions on the Ethereum mainnet into 2023.

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Azeez Mustafa
Azeez began his FinTech career path in 2008 after growing interest and intrigue about market wizards and how they managed to become victorious on the battlefield of the financial world. After a decade of learning, reading and training the ins and outs of the industry, he’s now a sought after trading professional, technical/currency analyst and funds manager – as well as an author.
Last Updated : January 14, 2023
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